## Objective:

**To graph linear inequalities in two variables.**

## Notes:

Steps to graph linear inequalities on a coordinate plane.- Use a graphing method from sections 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, or 4.5 to graph the line.
- Use a dashed line for
*<*and*>*. - Use a solid line for
*≤*and*≥*.

- Use a dashed line for
- Decide which side to shade.
- If y is by itself in the equation (as in slope-intercept form).
- If
*y < a*or*y ≤ a*then you will shade below the line. - If
*y > a*or*y ≥ a*then you will shade above the line.

- If
- If the equation is in standard form then choose a test point.
- Do not choose a point that the line goes through.
- Choose a point that is easy to work with such as (0, 0).
- If the test point makes the inequality true then you will shade on the side with the point.
- If the test point makes the inequality false then you will shade on the other side.

- If y is by itself in the equation (as in slope-intercept form).
- Shade.

## Examples:

### Sketch each inequality on a coordinate plane.

- Sketch the graph of y < 4.

See section 4.1 for help graphing the line. Use a*dashed*line since there is no*=*.

This inequality is in slope-intercept form. Since y is less than we should shade below the dashed line.

If you would like to choose a test point, the origin (point (0, 0)) can be used. Substituting 0 in for y in the equation yields a true statement. This verifies that we should shade below the dashed line. - Sketch the graph of 6x +5y ≥ 30.

See section 4.3 for help graphing the line. Use a*solid*line since there is an*=*.

This inequality is in standard form. We should choose a test point. The origin (point (0, 0)) can be used. Substituting 0 in for x and y in the equation yields a false statement (see below). This tells us that we should not shade on the side including the origin. We should shade above the solid line.

- Sketch the graph of y > 3x.

See section 4.5 for help graphing the line. Use a*dashed*line since there is no*=*.

This inequality is in slope-intercept form. Since y is greater than we should shade above the dashed line.

If you would like to choose a test point, the origin (point (0, 0)) cannot be used this time since the line goes through it. Choose another easy point such as (1, 1). Substituting 1 in for y and x in the equation yields a false statement (see below). This tells us that we should not shade on the side with the point (1, 1). We should shade above the dashed line.